Signs of approaching death
If you die or are caring for a dying person, you may have questions about how to go through the process of dying physically and emotionally. The following information will help you to answer some questions.
The signs of death
With the approaching death of the individual may experience some physical and emotional changes, such as:
Excessive sleepiness and weakness, at the same time, periods of wakefulness reduced, quenched energy.
Changes in breathing, periods of rapid breathing followed by apnea.
Change hearing and vision, for example, a person hears and sees things that others do not notice.
Changing body temperature, ranging from very high to very low.
The emotional changes, the person is not interested in the outside world and the individual parts of everyday life, such as time and date.
A dying person may experience other symptoms depending on the disease. Talk to your doctor about what you should expect. You can also contact the programme of assistance to the terminally ill, where you will answer all questions regarding the process of dying. The more you and your loved ones will know, the more you will be prepared for this moment.
Excessive sleepiness and weakness associated with the approach of death
With the approach of death more people asleep, to Wake up and become harder. Periods of wakefulness are becoming shorter.
With the approach of death, the people who care for you will notice that you have no reaction, and that you are in a very deep sleep. This condition is called coma. If you are in a coma, you will be tied to the bed and all your physiological needs (bathing, turning, feeding and urination) will be monitored by someone else.
General weakness is a very common phenomenon with the approach of death. This is normal, when a person needs assistance with walking, bathing and lavatory. Over time you may need assistance to turn in bed. Medical equipment such as wheelchairs, walkers or hospital bed can be very helpful in this period. This equipment can be rented in the hospital or in the terminally ill.
Respiratory changes with the approach of death
With the approach of death frequent periods of breathing may be followed by periods of bezduhovnosti.
Your breathing may become damp and stagnant. It’s called “the death rattle”. Changes in breathing usually occur when you’re relaxed, and normal secretions from your airway and lungs can’t go outside.
Although noisy breathing may be a signal for your family, you probably will not feel the pain and notice of stagnation. As the liquid found deep in the lungs, it is difficult from there to delete. Your doctor may prescribe oral tablets (atropine) or “patches” (scopolamine) to reduce congestion.
Your loved ones can turn you to the other side so that secretions coming out of his mouth. They can also wipe away the discharge with a damp cloth or special tampons (you can ask in the help center hopelessly sick or to buy in pharmacies).
Your doctor may prescribe oxygen therapy to relieve your shortness of breath. Oxygen therapy will improve your health but does not prolong life.
Changes in vision and hearing with the approach of death
Blurred vision is very common in the last weeks of life. You may notice that they have become hard to see. You may see or hear things that nobody except you sees (hallucinations). Visual hallucinations – a common phenomenon before death.
If you care about a dying man who sees hallucinations, it must be cheering. Acknowledge what people see. The denial of the hallucinations might upset a dying man. Talk to the man, even if he or she is in a coma. It is known that dying people can hear, even when they are in a deep coma. The people who came out of the coma, they said that they could hear all the time, while he was in a coma.
Hallucinations are the perception of something not actually there. Hallucinations can affect all of the senses: hearing, sight, smell, taste or touch.
The most common hallucinations are visual and auditory. For example, a person may hear voices or seeing objects that other people cannot see.
Other types of hallucinations include gustatory, olfactory and tactile.
Treatment of hallucinations depends on the cause.
With the approach of death, you are likely to be less to eat and drink. This is due to a General feeling of weakness and a slowdown in metabolism.
Since nutrition is an important social value, your relatives and friends will be difficult to observe, as you do not eat. However, the changes of metabolism means you don’t need the same amount of food and fluid as before.
You can consume small portions of food and fluids until you are active and able to swallow. If the swallowing problem for you, I thirst can be prevented by moistening the mouth with a damp cloth or a special swab (you can buy at the pharmacy), soaked in water.
Changes in urinary and gastrointestinal systems approach of death
Often kidney with the approach of death gradually stop producing urine. As a result, your urine becomes dark brown or dark red. This is due to the inability of the kidneys need to filter urine. As a result, the urine becomes very concentrated. Also, its amount decreases.
As appetite is reduced in the intestine is also undergoing some changes. The stool becomes more solid and rugged (constipation), as one takes less liquid and becomes weaker.
You should inform the doctor if intestinal emptying you happen less than once in three days, or emptying cause you discomfort. Medications to soften stools can be recommended for the prevention of constipatio. You can also use an enema to cleanse the bowels.
As you become more and more weak, it is natural that you find it hard to control bladder and bowels. In your bladder can put a urinary catheter as a means of continuous drainage of urine. Also, the programme of assistance to the terminally ill can provide toilet paper or underwear (they can also be purchased at the pharmacy).
Changes in body temperature with the approach of death
With the approach of death, the brain region responsible for regulation of body temperature, begins to function poorly. You may have a high temperature, and in a minute you will be cold. Your hands and feet can be very cold to the touch and even the pale and spotty. Changes color is called spotted skin lesions, and they are very common in the last days or hours of life.
A person who cares about you, can control your temperature, scrubbing the skin with a wet, lukewarm cloth or giving you medications: