Scientific work on the theme “PSYCHOLOGICAL CAUSES bad HABITS IN CHILDREN.” The scientific article in the specialty “Medicine and health”
PSYCHOLOGICAL CAUSES bad HABITS IN CHILDREN Arkharov O. N. Anis B. X
Ryazan state medical University, Department of prosthodontics and orthodontics, Ryazan
Bad habit is a negative tendency that has become need and expressed in actions, behaviour, often turns into a trait (E. E. Alekseev). There is a Russian saying: sow a habit -reap a character.
Most often, when talking about bad habits in children, I mean, finger sucking, tongue, nipples, or other items, gryzenia nails. The problem of harmful habits in childhood is always relevant, because in addition to its psychological components and the formation of malocclusions, which are compounded over time and lead to severe deformities requiring complex treatment.
The aim of this work was to study the psychological causes of bad habits and possibilities of their elimination without breaking the psychological status of the children.
Examined data literature: E. E. Alekseev, A. I. Barkan, G. A. Shirokova; E. G. jadko.
When I want to know how critical were the parents, I ask the person two questions:
1) What did your mother say when you wanted to criticize?
2) What did your mother say when she wanted to cheer you on, to praise, to support?
If the first question people respond immediately, not long rummaging through the memories, and lists a number of unflattering definitions or hesitate to repeat the words of the mother, and the second can’t remember any nice words, it means that he was raised critical parent.
Silence, deep feelings, tears in response to the first question suggests the same. In dysfunctional families the ratio of censure and praise is at least 10:1. To equalize this ratio or even reach 1:10.
The classic type critical parent is a demanding parent in extreme severity, demanding an extremist. In any critical behavior of the parent finds a drawback, you can specify that you can criticize negatively evaluated.
Criticism is necessary for parents to control the lives of their sons and daughters, to impose their will, be forced to accept what is to be said.
The style of criticism can be as obvious
“You’re something can be done sensibly or you have two left hands?”,
and hidden . enclosed in double message.
— “You are such a good girl, and clever, and beautiful, but the character Continue reading
After long holidays, idleness and arrogant violations of the child “to fight” wakes up in the morning and refuses to meet in kindergarten. Most likely, this problem faced by almost all parents. Let us investigate the reason and how to help the baby to Wake up and not to lose the good mood.
To return the baby in a secure track
Ideally, the daily routine of a child who attends preschool, should the house be close to kindergarten. Mode — the Foundation of good health and mood. Thanks to him, is the process of formation of conditioned reflexes and habits. Children, following a schedule, suffer less from fatigue, stress and nervous exhaustion. In addition, scholars argue that the child is living according to the schedule, the better the performance.
But after a long holiday weekend schedule collapses, knocking of the internal biological clock of the child. Because disorders of sleep and wakefulness he refuses to Wake up in the morning. Tired of working adults want to relax, sleep and rest. Their plans aren’t included early waking up, cooking Breakfast, etc. and Therefore the child during this period is allowed to break all set in the family order. He can go to bed later than usual and Wake up when it’s time for dinner. Continue reading
Here they are – the long-awaited first words uttered by the baby: “Mom, dad, Lala…”. A toddler quickly learned the wisdom of communication, another little world of words is harder. But one in a thousand newborns stubbornly silent, and adults often do not realize that the reason for the hearing impaired, with which the child was born. If the parents of the first months of baby’s life will not take decisive measures, the child will never hear human speech, and therefore, will not learn to speak.
As the time to suspect that a baby has a hearing problem?
Causes of hearing loss are many. The kid can bad to hear:
● if he was born prematurely and/or weighed at birth less than 1.5 kg;
● if immediately after birth, the child couldn’t breathe, got intracranial injury during childbirth;
● if during pregnancy the mother suffered a dangerous infection (rubella, influenza, herpes, cytomegalovirus, toxoplasmosis);
● if the mother during pregnancy were treated with ototoxic drugs (some antibiotics, diuretics);
● if the hearing loss can be hereditary disease in the family;
● with genetic disorders.
What Continue reading
Since the age of one . all children love to draw. Should they see a pencil or a ballpoint pen, so once they try to catch them in their little hands and decorate your art any tucked under the arm of the paper: a book, a newspaper, and even Wallpaper. Parents, of course, interesting to see what draws their baby. But the year-old child still can’t do anything to draw, so he draws a line, dash and puts a fat point. However, to choose the colors at this age, children can already do and because when you draw try to use bright and colorful palette.
The contrasting colors in a child’s drawing, the hectic in his heart. For example, the combination of bright red color with black speaks about the aggressiveness of the child. and the green with the blue of his mind. Toddlers two years of age are already starting to choose your favorite color and often only painted that color. Very rarely children at this age paint with bright colors, most often they choose dark blue, black, grey and brown.
This is due to the fact that the kid wants his parents noticed his drawings and picks the color that is most contrasting Continue reading