A person becomes a person only in the process of socialization, i.e. communication, interaction with other people. Outside of human society, spiritual, social, mental development cannot occur. The reality, in which the development occurs is called the environment. On the formation of personality is influenced by various external conditions, including geographic, social
s, school, family. The intensity of contacts is allocated near and far environment. When teachers say about the impact of the environment, they mean primarily the social environment and home. The first refers to distant places, and to the nearest second. The concept of “social environment” includes such common characteristics as a social system, the system of industrial relations, material conditions of life, the character of the course of production and social processes, and some others. Near Wednesday is family, relatives, friends.
What is the influence of the environment on human development? Unity in the assessment of the impact of environment on human development yet. The tremendous importance of the environment recognize the teachers around the world. A different view when assessing the degree of influence of environment. Continue reading
Very important for parents is knowing the rules of application of methods of education, which A. S. Makarenko called “tool touch of personality”.
All methods of education scientists psychophysiological basis, or the mechanism that operates at the subconscious level. Ignoring it may lead to unpredictable results, so parents need to visualize how they applied the method may have an impact on the consciousness and behavior of the child.
The most common methods of raising children are a positive example, story, conversation, debate, teach, exercise, encouragement and punishment.
In Soviet pedagogy was considered to be the most effective methods of persuasion — a story, a conversation, a debate, otherwise known as verbal. Trusting such a scientific recommendations parents naively believed that after same notations naughty child will certainly improve.
The children perceived tedious instructions how soul-destroying occupation, and the outer reaction “of the object of education” did not reflect internal relationships. The child may exhibit ostentatious attention, but, according to psychologists, if he looks over the top of the head of an adult, Continue reading
The baby grows up, and here the parents noticed that he tends to play with the children, the other ignores. And no amount of persuasion like “look what a good boy, play with him,” do not help. There are children who are very selective in communicating with peers, but there are those who know and love to communicate with everyone.
Why is this happening? What says the choice is the child of a friend or friends with certain qualities, behaviors? This is largely due to temperament and character, but the choice of the child affects his emotional development, internal problems.
So, let’s analyze the child’s choice.
Child easy to contact with all age groups. Such children are few, and if Your child falls into this category, it has a “social intelligence”, i.e. the talent of communication. He has no such problems as anxiety, fears, low self-esteem, shyness.
The child prefers to play with his peers. This is the most common category. Such behavior is natural – the level of development is similar, the interests coincide, as well as social skills.
The child loves to play with kids who are older than him. There may be several reasons: the child intellectual development ahead of their peers, Continue reading